srtop

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+ | <html> | ||

+ | <p><small> | ||

+ | Last edited Feb. 11, 2012 at 03:42 PM | ||

+ | </small></p> | ||

+ | <p><h1> Student Geometry/Topology Seminar</h1></p> | ||

+ | <p><h2><a name="Logistics"></a>Logistics</h2></p> | ||

+ | <p>Information can be found at <a href="http://www.math.ucdavis.edu/courses.htm">Math department courses webpage</a> and the UC Davis Math Dept's <a href="http://www.math.ucdavis.edu/research/seminars?type=2&when=future.htm">Seminar Page</a>.<br /><br /></p> | ||

+ | <p><h2><a name="description"></a>Description</h2> | ||

+ | <p> | ||

+ | The purpose is to encourage students studying geometry/topology and related areas to engage in beneficial interactions and increase knowledge of important and basic ideas in topology and geometry, in addition to learning about currently active areas of investigation. | ||

+ | </p> | ||

+ | <p> | ||

+ | Talks will conceivably cover a broad spectrum, but in general, we envision not-too-technical talks emphasizing ideas. Talks are by students for students, but everyone is welcome. | ||

+ | </p> | ||

+ | <p> | ||

+ | If you would like to give a talk, but on a very introductory level, you may want to consider the <a href="http://galois.math.ucdavis.edu/AboutDept/StudentRunSeminar">pure/applied grad seminar</a>. That seminar has a general audience, while the audience for this seminar can be assumed to have familiarity with some algebraic topology and manifold theory. | ||

+ | </p></p> | ||

+ | <p><h2><a name="schedule"></a>Schedule Information</h2></p> | ||

+ | <p><p> | ||

+ | The <a href="http://www.math.ucdavis.edu/research/seminars?type=13&when=future">schedule</a> is available through the math department's seminars webpage. You can also look at <a href="http://www.math.ucdavis.edu/research/seminars?type=13&when=past">past talks</a>. | ||

+ | </p></p> | ||

+ | <p><h2><a name="topics"></a>Possible Seminar Topics</h2></p> | ||

+ | <p><p> | ||

+ | Anybody is welcome to talk about mathematics related to topology. If you would like to talk about something but don't have a topic, here are some suggestions.</p> | ||

+ | <p> | ||

+ | The list below may be helpful in your search for a topic. Some items are specific talk ideas while others are keywords to look up and investigate, e.g. using <a href="http://www.ams.org/mathscinet/search/">MathSciNet</a>. There are varying levels of expected difficulty, although each topic can really be taken in deep directions. Please email the organizers with any suggestions for this list.</p> | ||

+ | <p> | ||

+ | For the more intrepid, you can find topics by looking through the <a href="http://front.math.ucdavis.edu">arXiv</a> using categories. Relevant categories include: <a href="http://front.math.ucdavis.edu/math.GT">Geometric Topology</a> | <a href="http://front.math.ucdavis.edu/math.AT">Algebraic Topology</a> | <a href="http://front.math.ucdavis.edu/math.DG">Differential Geometry</a> | <a href="http://front.math.ucdavis.edu/math.GR">Group Theory</a>. These categories will show you the most recent submissions so you can see what people are working on. | ||

+ | </p> | ||

+ | <p> | ||

+ | In addition, you can ask more experienced students and learn what they find interesting. The organizers are also happy to lend a hand in preparing a talk. | ||

+ | </p></p> | ||

+ | <p><h3>Beginner</h3> | ||

+ | [Note that some of these topics may be suitable for the <a href="http://galois.math.ucdavis.edu/AboutDept/StudentRunSeminar">pure/applied grad seminar</a>. Also, one idea is to give a "basic" talk for the pure/applied grad seminar and a more advanced talk for the Student Topology Seminar.]<a class="new" href="http://galois.math.ucdavis.edu/AboutDept/StudentTopSeminar/createform?page=Note%20that%20some%20of%20these%20topics%20may%20be%20suitable%20for%20the%20%3Ca%20href%3D%22http%3A//galois.math.ucdavis.edu/AboutDept/StudentRunSeminar%22%3Epure/applied%20grad%20seminar%3C/a%3E.%20%20Also%2C%20one%20idea%20is%20to%20give%20a%20%22basic%22%20talk%20for%20the%20pure/applied%20grad%20seminar%20and%20a%20more%20advanced%20talk%20for%20the%20Student%20Topology%20Seminar." title="create this page">?</a> | ||

+ | <ul> | ||

+ | <li>Map colorings and the five color theorem</li> | ||

+ | <li>Different proofs of Euler's formula: V - E + F =2</li> | ||

+ | <li>Gauss-Bonnet formula - concept, applications, generalizations, etc.</li> | ||

+ | <li>Brouwer fixed point theorem -- different proofs, e.g. using Hex or Sperner's Lemma, differential topology (Sard's thm or Stoke's thm) </li> | ||

+ | <li>Conway's ZIP proof of the classification of compact surfaces</li> | ||

+ | <li>Dehn's solution to Hilbert's 3rd problem</li> | ||

+ | <li>Take some family of knots and explain some interesting problems (solved and unsolved) about them. For example, alternating knots, 2-bridge knots, arborescent knots, Montesinos knots. | ||

+ | <li>Basic properties of knot genus and some results and conjectures</li> | ||

+ | <li>The lens spaces L(5,1) and L(5,2) are not homeomorphic (a la Alexander)</li> | ||

+ | <li>Wild/pathological objects</li> | ||

+ | <ul> | ||

+ | <li>Horned spheres and crumbled cubes</li> | ||

+ | <li>Wild arcs -- Fox-Artin arcs</li> | ||

+ | </ul> | ||

+ | <li>The Hopf Fibration</li> | ||

+ | <li>Whitehead manifold</li> | ||

+ | <li>Lamplighter groups</li> | ||

+ | <li>Find an unsolved problem in Adams' <i>The Knot Book</i> and explain work that's been done on it</li> | ||

+ | </ul></p> | ||

+ | <p><h3>Intermediate</h3> | ||

+ | <ul> | ||

+ | <li>"Unusual" uses of Sard's theorem</li> | ||

+ | <ul><li>e.g. in Gauss-Gersten-Stallings proof of the fundamental thm of algebra</li></ul> | ||

+ | <li>Four color theorem</li> | ||

+ | <ul><li>Explain main ideas of proof, e.g. "discharging"</li> | ||

+ | <li>Relation to Lie algebras</li></ul> | ||

+ | <li>Yang-Baxter equation</li> | ||

+ | <li>Use Conway notation to classify Euclidean 2-orbifolds/wallpaper groups</li> | ||

+ | <li>Circle packings and Andreev's theorem</li> | ||

+ | <li>Lickorish Twist theorem</li> | ||

+ | <li>Isometric embeddings of the hyperbolic plane into R^3</li> | ||

+ | <li>Topological proofs of Kneser's Conjecture and/or Grusko's Theorem</li> | ||

+ | <li>Rubinstein-Thompson 3-sphere recognition algorithm</li> | ||

+ | <li>Essential surfaces in knot complements take only finitely many boundary slopes</li> | ||

+ | <li>Classification of Lens Spaces</li> | ||

+ | <li>An Overview of the Eight 3-dimensional Geometries</li> | ||

+ | <li>Interesting unknot diagrams and the unknotting problem</li> | ||

+ | <li>Brown's algorithm for the BNS invariant of two generator one relator groups</li> | ||

+ | <li>Finite type invariants of knots and 3-manifolds</li> | ||

+ | <li>Dehn's problems and word-hyperbolic groups</li> | ||

+ | <li>Recognizing hyperbolic 3-manifolds via SnapPea</li> | ||

+ | <li>The curve complex and distances of Heegaard splittings</li> | ||

+ | <li>Pick a topic from Lickorish's or Rolfsen's book on knot theory and discuss related solved and unsolved problems.</li> | ||

+ | <li>Survey of results on knotted and linked spheres in higher dimensions</li> | ||

+ | <ul> | ||

+ | <li><i>A sample of results</i>:</li> | ||

+ | <li>No smooth circle knots in R^4 - it would be interesting to just explain the <i>real</i> proof of this</li> | ||

+ | <li>Zeeman - PL knotting cannot occur in codimension > 2, e.g. no PL knotted S^3 in S^6</li> | ||

+ | <ul> | ||

+ | <li>The question of whether PL knotting occurs in codimension 1 is called the PL Schoenflies problem</li> | ||

+ | </ul> | ||

+ | <li>Haefliger - smooth knotting can occur in codimensions > 2, e.g. smoothly knotted S^3 in S^6</li> | ||

+ | <li>Stallings - two S^50's link in dimensions 101, 100, 99, 98, but unlink in 97, 96, and then link again in 95, 94, ..., ??? , ..., 52.</li> | ||

+ | </ul> | ||

+ | <li>4-dimensional Schoenflies problem</li> | ||

+ | <li>Quantum algorithms and the Jones polynomial</li> | ||

+ | <li>Equivariant versions of loop and sphere theorems</li> | ||

+ | </ul></p> | ||

+ | <p><h2>Advanced</h2> | ||

+ | <ul> | ||

+ | <li>Double suspension of the Mazur homology 3-sphere is the 5-sphere</li> | ||

+ | <ul> | ||

+ | <li><i>Suggested reference</i>: Daverman, Robert J. Decompositions of manifolds. Pure and Applied Mathematics, 124. Academic Press, Inc., Orlando, FL, 1986. xii+317 pp. ISBN: 0-12-204220-4 </li> | ||

+ | </ul> | ||

+ | <li>Milnor's exotic 7-spheres</li> | ||

+ | <ul> | ||

+ | <li><i>Suggested reference</i>: Milnor, J., Differential topology. 1964, Lectures on Modern Mathematics, Vol. II pp. 165--183 | ||

+ | Wiley, New York (expository article)</li> | ||

+ | </ul> | ||

+ | <li>Thurston's compactification of Teichmuller space</li> | ||

+ | <li>Smales's proof of higher-dimensional Poincare Conjecture</li> | ||

+ | <li>Perelman's proof of the 3D Poincare Conjecture via Ricci flow</li> | ||

+ | <ul> | ||

+ | <li><i>Suggested reference</i>:Morgan, John W., Recent progress on the Poincare conjecture and the classification of 3-manifolds. Bulletin Amer. Math. Soc. 42 (2005) no. 1, 57-78</li> | ||

+ | </ul> | ||

+ | <li>Heegaard Floer homology</li> | ||

+ | <li>Casson invariant</li> | ||

+ | <li>Volume Conjectures</li> | ||

+ | <ul> | ||

+ | <li>Is Weeks manifold the smallest closed hyperbolic 3-manifold?</li> | ||

+ | <li>Jones polynomial and volume</li> | ||

+ | <li>Khovanov Homology and volume</li> | ||

+ | </ul> | ||

+ | </ul> | ||

+ | </p> | ||

+ | </html> |

srtop.txt · Last modified: 2016/02/16 09:31 by jasnyder